Land cover, 1996 to 2018

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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1429
38
Added
14 Apr 2021

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 14 Apr 2021.

DATA SOURCE: Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research

[Main dataset and further metadata can be found at lris.scinfo.org.nz/layer/104400-lcdb-v50-land-cove...]

Adapted by Ministry for the Environment and Statistics New Zealand to provide for environmental reporting transparency

Dataset used to develop the "Urban land cover" "Exotic land cover" and "Indigenous land cover" indicators [available at www.stats.govt.nz/indicators/urban-land-cover, www.stats.govt.nz/indicators/exotic-land-cover, www.stats.govt.nz/indicators/indigenous-land-cover]

For lcdb50_change

As there are over ~ 1 million rows to this dataset, a 32-bit version of Microsoft Excel __may not fully display/download all rows. A DBMS, statistical or GIS application may be needed to view the entire dataset__.

This indicator measures urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover area in New Zealand from 1996 to 2018.

Urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover are derived from the LAWA (Land Air Water Aotearoa) land categories. Urban land cover includes urban area comprising built-up area /settlement and urban parkland /open space and artificial bare surfaces which includes transport infrastructure and surface mine or dump. Exotic land cover includes exotic forest, exotic scrub/shrubland, exotic grassland and cropping and horticulture. Indigenous land cover includes indigenous forest, indigenous scrub/shrubland, tussock grassland, natural bare/lightly vegetated surfaces, and other herbaceous vegetation. Data is from the New Zealand Land Cover Data Base (LCDB5). We report on urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover area, and net change in urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover area, for New Zealand and by region. We also report on specific urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover classes.

More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf.

Table ID 105422
Data type Table
Row count 5160760
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Land cover, 1996–2012

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

7804
62
Added
16 Apr 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 16 Apr 2018.

Land cover describes the extent of vegetation, water bodies, built environments, and bare natural surfaces (eg gravel and rock) across New Zealand. Measuring the composition of and changes in land cover can help us understand the pressures that different land uses are placing on the biodiversity and functioning of ecosystems.

This measure reports on land cover by class, regional council area, and year.

For more information on the Landcover Database please refer to: lris.scinfo.org.nz/layer/48423-lcdb-v41-land-cover...

Table ID 95348
Data type Table
Row count 3316
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Land cover, Area of land cover, 1996, 2001, 2008, and 2012

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

6349
73
Added
28 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 28 Sep 2015.

Land cover describes the extent of vegetation, water bodies, built environment, and bare natural surfaces (eg gravel and rock) across New Zealand. Measuring the composition and changes in land cover can help us better understand the pressures that different land uses are placing on the biodiversity and functioning of ecosystems.

Column headings:
area_ha = area of land cover measured in hectares

This dataset relates to the "Land cover" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52478
Data type Table
Row count 884
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Land fragmentation, 2002 - 2019

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

1366
11
Added
14 Apr 2021

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 14 Apr 2021.

DATA SOURCE: Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research

[Technical report available at environment.govt.nz/publications/land-fragmentatio...]

Adapted by Ministry for the Environment and Statistics New Zealand to provide for environmental reporting transparency

Dataset used to develop the "Land fragmentation" indicator [available at www.stats.govt.nz/indicators/land-fragmentation]

This indicator measures changes in total highly productive land (HPL) area and the distribution of this land area across different land parcel size classes, since 2002, with a particular interest in the fragmentation or subdivision of these land parcels. We define HPL by land use capability (LUC), and includes classes 1, 2, and 3 (land highly suitable for growing a range of crops). We assess this fragmentation against two potential impacts: land that cannot be used or is restricted from use as farmland because of its new residential or urban land use (‘land restricted from use as farmland’) and that which may still be able to be used for growing/production (‘land potentially available for use as farmland’).

More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf. The technical report for this dataset is available at environment.govt.nz/publications/land-fragmentatio...

Table ID 105415
Data type Table
Row count 3120
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Land use - Land cover classes, 1996, 2001, 2008, and 2012

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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9939
243
Added
28 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 28 Sep 2015.

Land use that results in a change from indigenous to exotic cover can cause biodiversity loss and reduce functioning of ecosystems. Using more land for agriculture, forestry, and urbanisation is the main driver reducing indigenous land cover across New Zealand.

Column headings:
area_ha = area of land cover measured in hectares

This dataset relates to the "Land use" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52469
Data type Table
Row count 272
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Landings from stocks meeting or exceeding performance thresholds (2009–14)

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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5886
14
Added
28 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 28 Sep 2015.

Our fish stocks are affected by commercial, customary, and recreational fishing, and environmental pressures (eg ocean temperature, acidity, and productivity). The Ministry for Primary Industries uses three performance measures to assess influences on fish stocks: a soft limit (below which a rebuilding plan is required), a hard limit (below which closing a fishery should be considered), and an overfishing threshold (where the rate of extraction is higher than the rate of replenishment).
This dataset relates to the "State of fish stocks" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52514
Data type Table
Row count 51
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Lead concentrations 2005–13

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

5506
10
Added
16 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 16 Sep 2015.

Lead is a heavy metal. Airborne sources include some industrial discharges, such as at metal smelters and the removal of lead-based paint from buildings without proper safety precautions. Lead can harm the nervous system and hearing, and impair mental development. Before 1996, when petrol became lead free, some New Zealand sites experienced elevated lead concentrations.

Column headings:
- Con_mcg_m3 = Concentration in micrograms per cubic metre (μg/m3)

This dataset relates to the "Lead concentrations" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52453
Data type Table
Row count 9
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Lightning by region

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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6999
23
Added
11 Nov 2016

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 11 Nov 2016.

Lightning is the discharge of electricity from thunderstorms. Ground strikes can cause significant damage to property and infrastructure, and injure or kill people and livestock. Lightning is often associated with other severe weather events, such as strong wind gusts. Thunderstorms may increase in frequency and intensity with climate change.
This dataset relates to the "Lightning" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 53515
Data type Table
Row count 621924
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Lightning strikes, 2001–2016

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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6798
182
Added
16 Oct 2017

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 16 Oct 2017.

Lightning is the discharge of electricity from thunderstorms and can occur within a cloud, between clouds, or between a cloud and the ground. By international standards, lightning does not occur frequently around New Zealand. However, ground strikes can injure or kill people and livestock, damage property and infrastructure, and, although rarely in New Zealand, spark forest fires. Thunderstorms are often associated with other severe weather events, such as strong wind gusts and hail. Thunderstorms may increase in frequency and intensity with climate change.
More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf.

Table ID 89470
Data type Table
Row count 2903389
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Lightning Trends, 2001–2016

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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6771
4
Added
13 Oct 2017

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 13 Oct 2017.

Lightning is the discharge of electricity from thunderstorms and can occur within a cloud, between clouds, or between a cloud and the ground. By international standards, lightning does not occur frequently around New Zealand. However, ground strikes can injure or kill people and livestock, damage property and infrastructure, and, although rarely in New Zealand, spark forest fires. Thunderstorms are often associated with other severe weather events, such as strong wind gusts and hail. Thunderstorms may increase in frequency and intensity with climate change.
Trend direction was assessed using the Theil-Sen estimator and the Two One-Sided Test (TOST) for equivalence at the 95% confidence level.
More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf.

Table ID 89427
Data type Table
Row count 1
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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