Erosion risk North Island 2012

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

11291
157
Added
12 Feb 2016

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 12 Feb 2016.

"This data records estimated erosion risk for different areas in the North Island.

New Zealand experiences high rates of soil erosion. In the North Island, this is mostly due to the historical clearance of forest for agriculture (see also Estimated long-term soil erosion). In contrast, erosion in the South Island is mostly due to natural processes, primarily high rainfall and steep mountain slopes.
Highly erodible land comprises land at risk of landsliding, gullying, or earthflow erosion if it does not have protective woody vegetation (Dymond et al, 2006). Landsliding occurs on steep slopes where the soils do not have the support of tree roots.
Gullying and earthflow erosion can occur on all slopes, irrespective of steepness, but the land is only considered at risk if it does not have woody vegetation.
Landslide erosion is the shallow (approximately 1m) and sudden failure of soil slopes during storm rainfall. Gully erosion is massive soil erosion that begins at gully heads and expands up hillsides, over decadal time scales. Earthflow erosion is the slow downward movement (approximately 1m/year) of wet soil slopes towards waterways.

This data set relates to the "Estimated highly erodible land in the North Island" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website."

Layer ID 53177
Data type Image/Raster
Resolution 100.000m
Services Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Long term soil erosion South Island 2012

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

5830
35
Added
11 Feb 2016

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 11 Feb 2016.

"Long-term soil erosion is the average mass of soil lost per square kilometre per year (tonnes/km2/year) over a period of approximately 10 years. It is extrapolated from long-term measurements of sediment load in rivers. Extrapolation is based on mean annual rainfall, rock type, and land cover. The total sediment in rivers (tonnes/year) for a particular region is the sum of all soil erosion over the entire region (Dymond et al, 2010). Soil-erosion rates were calculated to 2012.

This data set relates to the "Estimated long-term soil erosion" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website."

Layer ID 53150
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Long term soil erosion North Island 2012

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

You may use this work for commercial purposes.

You must attribute the creator in your own works.

4946
46
Added
09 Feb 2016

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 09 Feb 2016.

"Long-term soil erosion is the average mass of soil lost per square kilometre per year (tonnes/km2/year) over a period of approximately 10 years. It is extrapolated from long-term measurements of sediment load in rivers. Extrapolation is based on mean annual rainfall, rock type, and land cover. The total sediment in rivers (tonnes/year) for a particular region is the sum of all soil erosion over the entire region (Dymond et al, 2010). Soil-erosion rates were calculated to 2012.

This data set relates to the "Estimated long-term soil erosion" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website."

Layer ID 52832
Data type Grid
Resolution 100.000m
Services Raster Query API, Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Streambank Erosion Susceptibility Index

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

560
19
Added
29 Jul 2021

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 29 Jul 2021.

Full report: Memorandum on implementing a national index for susceptibility to streambank erosion: environment.govt.nz/publications/national-index-st...

This dataset contains predictions of the susceptibility to streambank erosion for every stream link in the RECv2.5 digital river network. Streambank erosion susceptibility is computed as a dimensionless index (range 0-100) for each stream link based on factors that may influence reach-scale bank erosion. These factors comprise stream power, the extent of riparian woody vegetation, valley confinement, channel sinuosity, and the erodibility of stream banks based on soil texture. The approach for determining streambank erosion susceptibility is described by Smith & Betts (2021) and based on the bank erosion model developed by Smith et al. (2019).

***Smith HG, Spiekermann R, Dymond J, Basher L 2019. Predicting spatial patterns in riverbank erosion for catchment sediment budgets. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Management 53: 338–362.

***Smith HG, Betts H 2021. Memorandum on implementing a national index for susceptibility to streambank erosion. Technical memorandum prepared for the Ministry for the Environment by Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research.

Layer ID 105771
Data type Vector linestring
Feature count 593517
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W)