Days with wind gusts greater than gale force (1975–13)

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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2775
36
Added
01 Oct 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 01 Oct 2015.

Strong wind events can cause significant damage, for example, to trees and buildings. They can occur with frontal weather systems and around strong convection events, such as thunderstorms. Global climate change may change the frequency of damaging wind events in almost all areas in New Zealand in winter and decrease the frequency in summer. Monitoring can help us gauge the potential of, and prepare for, such events.
Further information can be found in:
Tait, A, Macara, G, & Paul, V. (2014) Preparation of climate datasets for the 2015 Environmental Synthesis Report: Temperature, Rainfall, Wind, Sunshine and Soil Moisture. Prepared for Ministry for the Environment. Available at data.mfe.govt.nz/x/Fwn9AL on the Ministry for the Environment dataservice (data.mfe.govt.nz/).
This dataset relates to the "Occurrence of potentially damaging wind" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52585
Data type Table
Row count 8203
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Sulphur dioxide concentrations and exceedances 2005–13

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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2541
31
Added
16 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 16 Sep 2015.

Sulphur dioxide (SO2) is a gas produced from human (eg industry and shipping) and natural (geothermal and volcanic) activities. Nationally, the main human-made source of sulphur oxides emissions is industry. SO2 is associated with respiratory problems, such as bronchitis, and can aggravate the symptoms of asthma and chronic lung disease.

Column headings:
- Disp_graph - Displayed on graph (1= yes, 0 = no)

This dataset relates to the "Sulphur dioxide concentrations" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52461
Data type Table
Row count 468
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Marine reserves (2014)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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3010
30
Added
28 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 28 Sep 2015.

New Zealand’s four million km2 marine environment is diverse, with a range of coastal habitats and offshore seabed environments. We also have many marine species found only in New Zealand. Marine protected areas conserve or manage some of these unique habitats and species, while a range of other tools also provide marine protection. We report on the area covered by marine reserves as an indirect measure to understand the state of the marine environment.

Table ID 52518
Data type Table
Row count 28
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Estimated highly erodible land in North Island, by region, 2012

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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2855
30
Added
28 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 28 Sep 2015.

Some areas of New Zealand’s North Island are classified as highly erodible land. They have steep slopes and are at high risk of mass soil movement due to the absence of woody vegetation cover with deep roots to hold the soil in place. This can lead to soil erosion. It is important to identify areas of land at risk of severe erosion to inform land use decisions and help prioritise soil conservation work.

This dataset relates to the "Estimated highly erodible land in the North Island" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52481
Data type Table
Row count 280
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Annual national electricity generation, total and hydrogeneration, 1974-2013

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3170
16
Added
29 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 29 Sep 2015.

Hydroelectricity is a renewable source of electricity. It makes an important contribution to New Zealand’s energy supply and economy.

This dataset relates to the "Contribution of hydroelectricity to total electricity generation" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52542
Data type Table
Row count 80
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Number of frost days for selected sites (1975–2013)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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3096
36
Added
01 Oct 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 01 Oct 2015.

The number of frost and hot days we experience each year can change in response to many climate factors, such as the warming pattern induced by El Niño. These numbers indicate the variations in our climate and are an important consideration in agriculture. They also affect our behaviour, for example, what we do to keep safe on icy roads or whether to use air conditioning to keep cool.
Further information can be found in:
Tait, A, Macara, G, & Paul, V. (2014) Preparation of climate datasets for the 2015 Environmental Synthesis Report: Temperature, Rainfall, Wind, Sunshine and Soil Moisture. Prepared for Ministry for the Environment. Available at data.mfe.govt.nz/x/Fwn9AL on the Ministry for the Environment dataservice (data.mfe.govt.nz/).
This dataset relates to the "Frost and hot days" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52575
Data type Table
Row count 12194
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Stream bed sedimentation - predicted cover in all river reaches nationwide

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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2860
42
Added
29 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 29 Sep 2015.

Fine sediment is the collective term for inorganic particles smaller than 2mm that are deposited on the beds of rivers and streams. Urban development, agriculture, and plantation forestry around waterways can increase the amount of sediment entering river systems. Sediment can clog the spaces between pebbles used by aquatic insects and fish, and degrade food sources and sites used for egg laying. Excessive sedimentation can also affect the suitability of rivers and streams for recreation.

Predictions of the proportion of deposited fine sediment cover are provided for every river reach in the River Environment Classification. These were calculated via a regression model using the measured proportion of fine sediment cover, slope of the river, climate and catchment land cover.

NZREACH = River location ID from the River Environment Classification
pred_obs = predicted contemporary percent fine sediment cover
pred_expec = predicted pre-human percent fine sediment cover

This dataset relates to the "Stream bed sedimentation" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52540
Data type Table
Row count 576276
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Annual glacier ice volumes (1978–2014)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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2704
30
Added
01 Oct 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 01 Oct 2015.

A glacier is a body of slow-moving ice, at least one hectare in area that has persisted for two decades or longer. Glacier volume is strongly influenced by climate factors, such as temperature and precipitation. Changes in glacier ice volumes give some indication of changing climate conditions in New Zealand.
This dataset relates to the "Change in glacier ice volume" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52579
Data type Table
Row count 37
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Maximum Ozone Concentration - Selected Auckland Locations

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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2644
25
Added
01 Dec 2014

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 01 Dec 2014.

Maximum ozone concentration during 8-hour periods.

Note: Ozone concentrations are given in micrograms per cubic metre of air, or µg/m3.

Source: Auckland Council

Table ID 52126
Data type Table
Row count 17
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Fishing effort (number of trawl tows) by year (1990–2014)

Licence

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

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You must attribute the creator in your own works.

3396
75
Added
28 Sep 2015

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 28 Sep 2015.

Seabed trawling is the practice of towing fishing nets near or along the ocean floor. The towing process can physically damage seabed (benthic) habitats and species. It can also stir up sediment from the seabed, creating sediment plumes that can smother sensitive species and change light conditions. This can affect marine species (eg by limiting their ability to generate energy through photosynthesis).
This dataset relates to the "Commercial seabed trawling and dredging" measure on the Environmental Indicators, Te taiao Aotearoa website.

Table ID 52504
Data type Table
Row count 75
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed
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