Land cover, 1996 to 2018


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14 Apr 2021

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 14 Apr 2021.

DATA SOURCE: Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research

[Main dataset and further metadata can be found at]

Adapted by Ministry for the Environment and Statistics New Zealand to provide for environmental reporting transparency

Dataset used to develop the "Urban land cover" "Exotic land cover" and "Indigenous land cover" indicators [available at,,]

For lcdb50_change

As there are over ~ 1 million rows to this dataset, a 32-bit version of Microsoft Excel __may not fully display/download all rows. A DBMS, statistical or GIS application may be needed to view the entire dataset__.

This indicator measures urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover area in New Zealand from 1996 to 2018.

Urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover are derived from the LAWA (Land Air Water Aotearoa) land categories. Urban land cover includes urban area comprising built-up area /settlement and urban parkland /open space and artificial bare surfaces which includes transport infrastructure and surface mine or dump. Exotic land cover includes exotic forest, exotic scrub/shrubland, exotic grassland and cropping and horticulture. Indigenous land cover includes indigenous forest, indigenous scrub/shrubland, tussock grassland, natural bare/lightly vegetated surfaces, and other herbaceous vegetation. Data is from the New Zealand Land Cover Data Base (LCDB5). We report on urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover area, and net change in urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover area, for New Zealand and by region. We also report on specific urban, exotic, and indigenous land cover classes.

More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf.

Table ID 105422
Data type Table
Row count 5160760
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), Atom Feed
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