Heavy metal concentrations, 2002–17

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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645
9
Added
15 Oct 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 15 Oct 2018.

Inhaling particulate matter (PM) containing heavy metals can cause serious health effects (World Health Organization (WHO), 2013). Airborne arsenic is linked to lung cancers (WHO, 2013), and heart, liver, kidney, and nerve damage (Caussy, 2003). Nickel and vanadium are linked to lung and nasal sinus cancers. Lead can impair cognitive function in children and affect an adult’s cardiovascular system, even at low blood levels (WHO, 2013).
Heavy metals are also toxic to other organisms, and can bioaccumulate in animals, especially in aquatic ecosystems (Rahman, Hasegawa, & Lim, 2012). We don’t know how much airborne heavy metal is deposited in New Zealand.
We report on the concentrations of arsenic, lead, and vanadium in PM10 (PM 10 micrometres or less in diameter) from 2007-16 at Henderson – Auckland which were measured using a method directly comparable to relevant guidelines. We also report on arsenic, nickel, lead, and vanadium concentrations at 5 Auckland sites from 2005–16 that were measured using a method which cannot be directly compared to relevant guidelines but provides information on concentrations.
Arsenic is emitted when burning wood treated with copper chromium arsenic preservative (eg building project offcuts). A 2012 Auckland study showed that 17 percent of households may burn such wood (Stones-Havas, 2014).
Lead is emitted from burning wood coated with lead-based paint, by removing lead-based paint from buildings without proper safety precautions, and from industrial discharges (eg at metal smelters). In New Zealand, airborne nickel and vanadium concentrations are highest near ports and are associated with combustion exhaust from ships (Davy & Trompetter, 2018). Monitoring for lead has been limited since the fall in ambient lead concentrations after New Zealand’s petrol became lead free in 1996.
More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf.

Table ID 98416
Data type Table
Row count 19077
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Carbon monoxide concentrations, 1996–17

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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614
15
Added
15 Oct 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 15 Oct 2018.

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a gas formed by the incomplete combustion of fuels, particularly from motor vehicles, from burning wood and coal, and using unflued gas heaters for home heating. It also occurs naturally; for example, from wild fires.
Carbon monoxide can affect human health by interfering with the blood’s ability to carry oxygen and by aggravating heart conditions. It has a relatively long life in the atmosphere – about three months. This is due to the slow rate at which carbon monoxide oxidises, forming carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas). Carbon monoxide also has an important role in forming smog.
More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf.

Table ID 98415
Data type Table
Row count 2922098
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

PM10 concentrations, 2006–17

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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647
13
Added
15 Oct 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 15 Oct 2018.

Particulate matter (PM) comprises solid and liquid particles in the air. PM10 particles have a diameter less than 10 micrometres. Coarse particles (2.5–10 micrometres) can be inhaled – they generally deposit in the upper airways; fine particles (smaller than 2.5 micrometres) can deposit deep in the lungs where air-gas exchange occurs. Children, the elderly, and people with existing heart or lung issues have a higher risk of health problems from exposure to PM10. These problems include decreased lung function, heart attack, and mortality.
Human-generated PM10 sources include burning wood and coal for home heating, and traffic emissions (eg combustion, tyre and brake wear, and pavement breakdown). Natural sources include sea salt, dust, pollen, and mould spores.
More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf.

Table ID 98414
Data type Table
Row count 209964
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

PM2.5 concentrations, 2008–17

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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665
17
Added
15 Oct 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 15 Oct 2018.

PM2.5 is made up of solid and liquid particles in the air with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometres. In New Zealand, most PM2.5 in the air results from combustion (burning wood for home heating, motor-vehicle exhaust), and to a lesser extent, particles formed from reactions in the atmosphere (secondary PM) and naturally occurring sea salt.
Short- and long-term exposure to PM2.5, even at low levels, is linked to respiratory and cardiovascular disease, and increased risk of premature death, especially in vulnerable people (the young, the elderly, and people with respiratory illness). Emerging evidence points to possible links with cognitive function, neuro-development, and diabetes.
More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf.

Table ID 98413
Data type Table
Row count 33750
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Benzene concentrations in Hamilton, 2003–16

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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565
1
Added
15 Oct 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 15 Oct 2018.

Benzene is a volatile organic compound (VOC) that is common in the air. Motor vehicles are benzene’s primary emission source (Guerreiro, Foltescu, & de Leeuw, 2014; Weisel, 2010) although burning wood or coal for home heating, volcanoes, and forest fires also emit benzene.
Benzene is a human carcinogen (World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe Copenhagen, 2000) that has been shown to cause leukaemia (Smith, 2010), and is associated with developmental, immune, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory problems (Bahadar, Mostafalou, & Abdollahi, 2014). Acute exposure can affect the liver and respiration (Bahadar et al, 2014).
More information on this dataset and how it relates to our environmental reporting indicators and topics can be found in the attached data quality pdf.

Table ID 98412
Data type Table
Row count 71
Services Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W), data.govt.nz Atom Feed

Water quality for swimming: Scenario 1

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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257
9
Added
10 Oct 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 10 Oct 2018.

This dataset relates to the March 2018 report National E. coli modelling - Supplementary material to support setting draft regional targets for swimmable rivers.

Scenario 1 represents the level of stock exclusion and riparian planting for the nominal year 2030
when the CWP rules have been implemented assuming that the effects of the measures have been realised and water quality has attained a new attribute state. Scenario 1 also includes the impact of regional committed work (that is, work already committed to by councils in their policy plans, or planned infrastructure investment) in regions that have committed to mitigation beyond the CWP.

The geometries are based off REC1, and the field 'Swimability_band' defines the modelled E. coli attribute state NPS-FM human health for recreation value. The rest of the fields come from the River Environment Classification.

Layer ID 98359
Data type Vector multilinestring
Feature count 73336
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W)

Water quality for swimming: Scenario 0

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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254
13
Added
10 Oct 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 10 Oct 2018.

This dataset relates to the March 2018 report National E. coli modelling - Supplementary material to support setting draft regional targets for swimmable rivers.

It represents Scenario 0, baseline (i.e. 2017) including the current level of on-farm fencing and land use - further details available in the above report.

The geometries are based off REC1, and the field 'Swimability_band' defines the modelled E. coli attribute state NPS-FM human health for recreation value. The rest of the fields come from the River Environment Classification.

Layer ID 98358
Data type Vector multilinestring
Feature count 73336
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W)

Swimming Water Quality Monitoring Points, SOE [Latest]

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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146
3
Added
27 Jun 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 27 Jun 2018.

State of the Environment (SOE) swimming water quality monitoring point data.

This data is a component of the Water Quality for swimming maps: www.mfe.govt.nz/fresh-water/state-of-our-fresh-wat...

Versions

This version is the latest edition in the set.

Column headings

WKT: Point geometry

sitename: Name of site

NZReach: ID of nearest River Environment Classification reach

category: Water quality for swimming category see www.mfe.govt.nz/fresh-water/national-targets-swimm...

Region: Region

name: Name of water body (if available)

catchment: Name of catchment (if available)

Dualcatch: Is catchment a two-part catchment

algae: Algae status

clarity: Clarity status

Layer ID 95566
Data type Vector point
Feature count 621
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W)

Swimming Water Quality Monitoring Points, SOE March 2017 [Superseded]

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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244
1
Added
27 Jun 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 27 Jun 2018.

State of the Environment (SOE) swimming water quality monitoring point data.

This data is a component of the Water Quality for swimming maps: www.mfe.govt.nz/fresh-water/state-of-our-fresh-wat...

Versions

This version has now been replaced with a later edition: data.mfe.govt.nz/layer/95566-swimming-water-qualit...

Column headings

WKT: Point geometry

sitename: Name of site

NZReach: ID of nearest River Environment Classification reach

category: Water quality for swimming category see www.mfe.govt.nz/fresh-water/national-targets-swimm...

Region: Region

name: Name of water body (if available)

catchment: Name of catchment (if available)

Dualcatch: Is catchment a two-part catchment

algae: Algae status

clarity: Clarity status

Layer ID 95565
Data type Vector point
Feature count 624
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W)

Swimming Water Quality Monitoring Points, SFRG [Latest]

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

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234
1
Added
27 Jun 2018

This dataset was first added to MfE Data Service on 27 Jun 2018.

Suitability for Recreation Grade (SFRG) swimming water quality monitoring point data.

This data is a component of the Water Quality for swimming maps: www.mfe.govt.nz/fresh-water/state-of-our-fresh-wat...

Versions

This version is the latest edition in this set.

Column headings

WKT: Point geometry

NZReach: ID of nearest River Environment Classification reach

category: Water quality for swimming category see www.mfe.govt.nz/fresh-water/national-targets-swimm...

Council_na: Regional council name

Region: Region

sitename: Name of site

LAWA_siten: Land, Air, Water, Aotearoa's name of site

Program_ty: Type of waterbody

catchment: Name of catchment (if available)

algae: Algae status

clarity: Clarity status

Layer ID 95564
Data type Vector point
Feature count 150
Services Vector Query API, Web Feature Service (WFS), Catalog Service (CS-W)
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